Arid subterranean termites are approximately 1/4th of an inch long. They typically are dark brown or have black bodies with dark-colored, broad heads. Winged warmers have white wings with brown veins. Subterranean termite workers are light-colored. Soldier termites have longer mandibles that are designed to defend against predators.
This termite species is found along the Pacific coast. They have a wide distribution from lower California to Indiana, Texas, and Mississippi. Though not as common as subterranean desert termites in Arizona, they are still present in smaller numbers and are very destructive.
Arid subterranean termites typically swarm between January and March in areas with an elevation of 4,000 feet and below. In higher elevations, they usually swarm between June and July. They typically dwell in sand dunes and thrive in altitudes of over 7,000 feet in the Rocky Mountain states, such as Colorado and Utah. Though arid subterranean termites are found in moist areas, such as river beds, lowlands, and near streams, they can also flourish in desert environments. Unlike subterranean desert termites, this termite species prefers swarming during the day. Unlike damp wood termites, arid subterranean termites don’t require contact with the soil to acquire moisture.
In the wild, Arid subterranean termites thrive in the desert environment, especially in the presence of greasewood bushes and creosote. However, they have moved into abandoned buildings and wooden structures. Subterranean termite infestations are a risk for structures with substantial water-damaged wood. Though they prefer wide open and dry spaces in the wild, manmade structures present an opportunity for a subterranean termite colony to have woody material as a food source and a source of moisture. Subterranean termite colonies are located between 18 to 20 feet below the ground surface to protect them from natural threats, such as animals and the elements.
Reproductive termite pairs mate, lose their wings, and search for an ideal ground to start new colonies. A colony starts as a chamber where mating happens and when a fertilized female lays eggs. The survival rate of female reproductive termites is typically low. Reproductive termites leave the original colony as winged termites in a series of swarming.
Subterranean termites feed on cut wood, brush, dead tree limbs, and animal manure. Arid land subterranean termites typically attack creosote and greasewood in the wild. However, the expansion of human settlements presented homes and wooden structures as alternative food sources. Termite damage caused by an arid subterranean termite is less serious than those caused by an eastern subterranean termite.
Given where subterranean termites live, the task of detecting, surveying, and implementing subterranean termite control is best left to professionals. It is recommended to do a full survey of termite damage before commencing with subterranean termite control. Regardless of the damage caused by subterranean termites, seeking help from a licensed pest control professional is crucial in eliminating these species and ensuring that they don’t return soon.
For Arid Subterranean Termite Control: Call Arizona Termite and Pest Solutions for Help
Arid subterranean termites and subterranean desert termites present constant threats to Arizona homes. Ignoring tell-tale signs of termite infestation can cause substantial amounts of money due to property damage alone. Aside from these species, other termite species, such as drywood termites, dampwood termites, and even Formosan subterranean termite colonies, pose a threat. To ensure the protection of your property against these species of termites, Arizona Termite and Pest Solutions are the best-licensed pest management professional for the job. With decades of experience dealing with various termites in Arizona, we are your best option to get the job done. For termite issues and exterminating other types of pests, call us now at (480) 359-9600.